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Table 1 Mean (SD) time to reach core temperature (Tco) of 39 °C in the five ensembles for Condition A (32 °C and 92 % rh) and skin temperature (Tsk), comfort, and heat sensation at that point; Tco, Tsk, comfort and heat sensation for Condition B (26 °C and 80 % rh) at 80 min of testing.

From: Physiological and subjective evaluation of PPE using a sweating thermal manikin

Tco (°C) PPE Condition TIME (min) Tsk (°C) Heat Sensation Comfort
39 Control A +80b,c,d,e 36.8(0.2)c,d,e 3.2(0. 1)d,e -3.1(0.1)d,e
  Ensemble 1 A +80a,d,e 37.3(0.3)d,e 3.6(0.2) -3.2(0.1)
  Ensemble 2 A 78(7)a,d,e 37.7(0.2)a 3.5(0.2) -3.2(0.1)
  Ensemble 3 A 65(3)a,b,c 38.3(0.2)a,b 3.7(0. 1)a -3.4(0.1)a
  Ensemble 4 A 62(5)a,b,c 38.4(0.8)a,b 3.8(0. 1)a -3.4(0.1)a
TIME (min)    T co (°C) at 80 min    
80 min Control B 37.9(0.1) 35.4(0.2) 2.6(0.5) -1.8(0.4)
  Ensemble 1 B 38.05(0.1)c,d,e 35.8(0.6)e 2.4(0.5)e -2.3(0.3)e
  Ensemble 2 B 38.33(0.1)b,d,e 36.4(0.4)e 2.5(0.6) -2.6(0.4)e
  Ensemble 3 B 38.7(0.1)b,c 36.9(0.2) 2.5(0.4) -3(0.2)
  Ensemble 4 B 38.9(0.2)b,c 37.6(0.4)b,c 3.2(0.6)b -3.2(0.2)b,c
  1. (n = 3)
  2. Control PPE for Condition B was not included in the statistical analysis because only two replicates were collected. Superscripts indicate pairs of values that differ significantly (P < 0.05) where a=Control, b=Ensemble 1, c=Ensemble 2, d=Ensemble 3, and e=Ensemble 4.