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Table 1 Physiological factors produced by and released from epidermal keratinocytes

From: Keratinocytes at the uppermost layer of epidermis might act as sensors of atmospheric pressure change

Factors influencing the nervous system
 ATP [14]
 Prostaglandin E2 [16]
 Glutamate [8]
 Dopamine [8]
Factor influencing the cardiovascular system
 Nitric oxide (NO) [17]
Factors influencing the endocrine and immune systems
 Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) [18]
 Corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) [18]
 Cortisol [19]
 IL-1α [20]
 TNF-α [20]
 IL-6 [20]