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Table 4 Descriptive data for HFI studies meeting the inclusion criteria

From: Water immersion for post incident cooling of firefighters; a review of practical fire ground cooling modalities

Cooling rate n Age (years) Ta (°C) Mins to treatment Tw (°C) Duration (mins) BMI (kg m2) BSA (m−2) Tc site Pre Tc Δ Tc (°C min−1) References
Unacceptable 7NR 40.0 18.0 NR 19.0 15 28.2 2.1 GI 38.2 ~0.01 [14]
10M 22.6 NR 5 17.0 20 27.4 2.1 R 38.5 ~0.02 [55]
15M 40.7 35.0 5 17.4 20 26.5 2.1 R 38.3 ~0.02a [4]
9M 22.0 31.2 3 16.4–17.8 30 21.5 1.9 R 38.5 ~0.02 [15]
24M/1F 36.5 32.5 0 ~10.0 15 25.6 2.0 GI 38.2 ~0.03b [20]
6M NR 35.0 5 17.4 20 NR NR R 38.9 ~0.03a [4]
14NR 29.3 15.0 NR 12.5 20 NR NR GI 38.5 ~0.04 [56]
17M 24.0 35.0 0 10.0 10 21.7 1.8 R ~38.2 ~0.04 [57]
10M/2F 30.7 33.3–36.9 0 24.9 20 26.4 2.0 GI 38.5 0.05b [21]
11NR 32.2 22.5 NR 20.9 30 28.2 2.0 GI 38.3 0.05b [3]
14 M/4F 25.9 24.0 NR 14.3 20 25.5 1.9 GI ~38.3 ~0.05 [19]
6M/1F 25.0 20.7 NR 12.0 15 23.9 1.9 R 39.0 ~0.05 [58]
  1. n number of participants, M male, F female, T a ambient temperature, T w water temperature, R rectum, GI gastrointestinal tract, NR not reported
  2. acirculated bath
  3. bfield treatment